Climate in Kenya basically comprise dry, rainy, cool, humid and warm with variations of the same from one place to another throughout the year. Besides, Kenya also lies within the tropics with most of the country classified as arid or semi-arid. Arable land is estimated to cover about 25 per cent only of the total land in the country.
There are mainly two types of rainfall experienced in Kenya namely relief and conventional. The later is common around the lake region and its environs while the former is experienced around the highlands and mountain areas. The relief rainfall is extensively common in the Great Rift Valley and central parts of the country throughout the year with cool temperatures and green vegetation.
The coastal region remains generally warm and humid, cool and humid patterns in Rift Valley and central highlands, and hot and dry in the Northern and Eastern regions. The marked hottest areas are in the North- East and West of Lake Turkana where temperatures average above 34 degrees Celsius all year round.
The coastal region of the Indian Ocean relatively experiences rainfalls and remain wet from the month of April to July as a result of the strong monsoon winds that blow the entire belt.
The Lake Victoria basin and its environs encounter the westerly moist winds from the Congo Basin and Atlantic Ocean to form heavy conventional rains between March and November with variation patterns from one year to another.
This climate itinerary therefore acts as a guide to any potential visitor to Kenya in making an informed travel plan to the country.